cooking glossary

 

                         Indian Food Glossary

 

                                        Pulses & Lentils

English

Tamil

Hindi

Beaten Rice Aval Poha
Bengal Gram Kadalai Paruppu Channa Dal
Black Gram Sabut Ulutham Paruppu Urad Dal / Kaali Dal
Black Eyed Beans Karamani Chawli / Lobhia
Boiled Rice Puzhungal Arisi Ukda Chawal
Broken Wheat Udaitha Kothumai Dalia
Chickpeas (brown) Karuppu Kondakalai Chana
Chickpeas (green) Pacha Kondakadalai Cholia / Hara Chana
Chickpeas (white) Kondakadalai Kabuli Chana
CowpeasGram Flour Kadalamavu Besan / Chane Ka Atta
Finger Millet Kelviragu Ragi
Green Gram/Split Yellow Moong Dal Paasi Paruppu Moong
Horse Gram Kollu Kulthi
Hyacinth Beans Kadalai Paruppu Channa Dal
Maize Flour Sola Maavu Makai Ka Atta
Pearl millet Kambu Bajra
Puffed Rice Pori Kurmura
Raw Rice Pacharisi Chawal
Red Kidney Beans Rajma Rajma
Red Lentil Mysore Paruppu Masoor
Refined Flour Maida Maida
Semolina Ravai Rava / Suji
Split Red Gram Tuvaram Paruppu Tuvar Dal / Arhar Dal
Wheat Gothumai Gehun

 

                                         Spices

English

Tamil

Hindi

Alum Padigaaram Phitkari
Aniseed Sombu Saunf
Asafoetida Perungayam Hing
Bay Leaf Brinji Ilai Tej Patta
Black Cumin Seed/Caraway Seeds Karunj Jeeragam Jeera/Shahi Zeera
Black Pepper/Peppercorns Milagu Kalimirch
Brown Cardamom Periya Elakkai Elaichi (Moti)
Carom Seeds / Thyme Omam Ajwain
Cinnamon Pattai Dalchini
Citric Acid Nimboo ka Sat
Clove Grambu/lavangam Laung
Cream Paladai Malai
Curry Leaves Karuvepillai Kari Patta/Cadi patta
Dry Ginger Sukku Sunth
Fenugreek Seeds Vendhayam  Methi
Fresh Ginger Inji Adrak
Garlic Poondu Lasan/Lahsun
Gram Flour Godhumai Maavu Besan
Green Cardamom Pacha Elakai Elaichi (Chhoti)
Mace Jathi pathri Javanthri/Javitri
Mustard Seeds Kadugu Raai/Raee/Sarson
Nutmeg Jathikai Jaiphal/Kathal
Sago Savarissi Saboodana / Sabudana

 

                                       Masala

English

Tamil

Hindi

Coriander Powder Dhaniya Thool Dhania Powder
Dried Mango Powder Maanga podi Amchoor
Pomegranate Seeds (Dried) Madhulai Vidhaigal Anaar Dana (Powder)
Rock Salt Kal Uppu Kala Namak

 

                                 Dairy Products

English

Tamil

Hindi

Butter Milk Moer Mattha (Chhaach)
Clarified Butter Vennai/Nei Ghee
Cottage Cheese Paladai Katti Paneer
Curd/Yoghurt Thayir Dahi
Dried Whole Milk/Thickened Milk Palgova/Thirattupal Khoya, Mawa

 

                                 Cereals

English

Tamil

Hindi

Bun Bun Paav / Pav / Pao
Fine Wheat Flour/Refined Flour Maida Maida
Flaked, Beaten rice Aval Poha, Chiwda

 

                            General

English

Tamil

Hindi

Coconut oil Thengai ennai Khopre/Narial Ka Tel
Jaggery Vellam Gur
Red chillies Sigappu vara milagai Lal mirch
Saffron Kumkuma poo Kesar
Salt Uppu Namak
Seasoning Thalippu Tadka
Sesame oil Nal ennai Til ka tel
Sugar Sarkarai Cheeni
Tamarind Puli Imli
Vermicelli Seviyan Semiya
Vinegar Kaadi Sirka

 

                                                     Vegetables

English

Tamil

Hindi

Almonds Badam Paruppu Badam
Alum Padigaaram Phitkari
Amaranth Thandu keerai / Mulai keerai Chauli, chavleri
Arrowroot Ararutkilangu Paniphal, Tikora
Ash Gourd Poosanikai Petha
Asparagus Thanneervittaan Musli
Avocado, butterfruit Vennaipazham Makhanphal
Beetroot Senkizhangu/Akkarakkizhangu Chukander
Bitter gourd Pavakkai Karela
Bottle Guard,Opo Squash Suraikai Doodhi
Cabbage Muttaikosu Patta Gobi
Capsicum Kudai milagai Shimla Mirch
Carrot Carrot Gajar
Cauliflower Pookosu Phool gobi
Cluster beans Kothavarangai Gavar
Colocasia Seppakizhangu Arbi
Coriander Leaves Kothamalli Dhania Patta
Corn Solam Makai
Cowpea Thatta Payir, karamani Lobia
Cucumber Velarikai Kheera,Kakdi
Curry Leaves Karivepilai Kari Patta
Drumstick Murungakai Saijan
Egg plant, Brinjal Kathrikai Biangan
Garlic Poondu Lashun
Gentleman’s Toes, Tindla Kovakkai Tindora
Ginger Inji Adrak
Lettuce Salathu Kasmisaag
Mint Leaves Pudhina Pudina
Mushrooms Kaalan Goochi
Okra, Ladies Finger Vendakkai Okra
Onion Vengayam Kanda Pyaaz
Peas Pattani Matar
Plantain flower Vazhaipoo Kele ka phool
Potato Urulaikizhangu Aloo
Pumpkin Parangikai Kadhu
Radish Mulangi Mooli
Ridgegourd,Serrated Guard, Chinese Okra Peerkangkai Tori / Thurai
Spinach Pasalai keerai Palak
Sweet potato Chakkaravalli kizhangu Shakarkand
Tapioca Maravallikizanku Simla Aloo
Tomato Thakkali Tamatar
Turnip Nookol Shalgam
Yam Senaikilangu Sooran

 

                                 Fruits

English

Tamil

Hindi

Apple Aapil Sabe
Avocado Vennai Pazham Makhanphal
Banana Vazhaipazham Kela
 Blueberry Avuri Nelli Nilabadari
Cashewnut Mundhiri paruppu Kaju
Chin fruit, litchie Laichipazham Lichee
Coconut Thengai Khopra/ Narial
Custard Apple Sita Pazham Sharifa
Dates Peritchapazham Kajhoor
Dried Apricot Saara paruppu. Khumani
Durian Mulnuripazham
Figs Athipazham Amjeer
Gooseberry Nellikai Amla
Grapes Thratchai pazham Angoor
Guava Koyyapazham Amrud
Jackfruit Palapazham Kathal
Lemon Elumichampazham Nimbu
Mango Mambazham Aam
Musk Melon Kirni Pazham Kharbooja
Orange Orange, Kichilli pazham Narangi
Papaya Pappali Papita
Pear Berikai Nashpati
Pineapple Anasi pazham Ananas
Pistachio Pista Paruppu Pista
Plum Elanthai Pazham Aloobukhara
Pomegranate Mathulam pazham Anar
Raisin Kaintha thratchai Kishmish
Sapota Sapota Pazham Chikku
Starfruit Pulichikaai Karmal
Sweet lemon Sathukudi Musambi
Unriped Chitrons Narthampazham Galgal / Nimbu
Walnut Akhrot Akroot
Water Melon Darbusini Tarbuj
Woodapple Vilam pazham Kaith

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